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Mikronesischer Staatenbund, 4. Juli 2023 : Unabhängiger Staatsanwalt zur Korruptionsbekämpfung

Gebiet Mikronesischer Staatenbund
┗━ Stellung unabhängiger Staat
Datum
Vorlage Unabhängiger Staatsanwalt zur Korruptionsbekämpfung
┗━ Fragemuster Entscheidungsfrage
┗━ Gesetzliche Grundlage Obligatorisches Referendum → durch Verfassungsrat → bindend → Stufe: Verfassung → Partialrevision (Einzelthema)
Ergebnis angenommen
┗━ Mehrheiten 75% der gültigen Stimmen in jeweils 75% der Untereinheiten
Stimmberechtigte ---
Stimmbeteiligung --- --- %
Stimmen ausser Betracht ---
Gültige (= massgebende) Stimmen ---auf die gültigen Stimmen bezogen
┗━ Ja-Stimmen --- --- %
┗━ Nein-Stimmen --- --- %
Staaten 4
┗━ Annehmende Staaten 4
┗━ Verwerfende Staaten 0
Bemerkungen Siehe Vorlage 1.

Wiederholung der Vorlage von 1991.

Vorlage CP 4-09 des Verfassungsrats.

Der unabhängige Staatsanwalt mit sechs Jahren Amtszeit hätte weitreichende Befugnisse, um Veruntreuung öffentlicher Gelder und Korruption zu untersuchen und Anklage zu erheben; nur der Kongress könnte ihn mit Zweidrittelsmehrheit absetzen.

Obligatorisches Verfassungsreferendum nach Kap. XIV Art. 1. Zur Annahme müssen mindestens drei Viertel der Stimmenden in mindestens drei der vier Staaten dem Vorschlag zustimmen. Die landesweite Summe der Stimmen hat auf das Ergebnis keinen Einfluss.

              Ja   in %    Nein   in %  gültig  Ergebnis
----------------------------------------------------------
Chuuk      8'985  86,14   1'446  13,86  10'431  angenommen
Kosrae                                          angenommen
Pohnpei                                         angenommen
Yap                                             angenommen
----------------------------------------------------------
Total
----------------------------------------------------------

Abstimmungstext:
Kap. XII Art. 4 (neu)
"Section 4. (a) The Office of the Independent Prosecutor is hereby established.
(b) The President shall appoint an Independent Prosecutor, with the advice and consent of 2/3 of the members of Congress, to serve for a term of six (6) years and until a successor is appointed and confirmed. The Independent Prosecutor shall not be reappointed to a consecutive term. The President shall appoint the first Independent Prosecutor within one hundred eighty (180) days of the effective date of this section.
(c) If the President does not appoint the Independent Prosecutor within the one hundred eighty (180) days, the Chief Justice shall immediately appoint an acting Independent Prosecutor to serve until a successor is appointed by the President with the advice and consent of Congress.
(d) The Independent Prosecutor has the exclusive authority to:
(i) investigate and prosecute any person or entity, whether private or public, or any official of the national, state, or local government for the commission of any national offense relating to national funds;
(ii) investigate and prosecute any official of the national government for the commission of any offense involving public corruption; and
(iii) investigate and prosecute any person for any offense of obstruction or perjury committed in connection with an investigation or prosecution by the Independent Prosecutor.
In the event of a conflict of interest inhibiting the investigation or prosecutorial capability of the Independent Prosecutor or the office, the Chief Justice shall appoint special counsel to investigate and prosecute the specific cases that are affected by such conflict of interest.
(e) The Independent Prosecutor may compel witness testimony and production of documents by subpoena effect lawful search and seizure, and exercise such other powers as may be necessary to the investigation or prosecution. The powers and qualifications of the Independent Prosecutor may be prescribed by statute.
(f) The Office of the Independent Prosecutor shall be independent of administrative control. The Office shall be adequately funded by Congress. No statute, regulation, or directive shall be enacted or enforced which has the effect of reducing or eliminating the independence, power, or capability of that Office. The compensation of the Independent Prosecutor and staff shall not be reduced during the term in office. The Independent Prosecutor shall report at least once a year to the President and Congress.
(g) The Independent Prosecutor may be removed from office for good cause by the President with a 2/3 vote of the members of Congress. Upon removal of the Independent Prosecutor or vacancy in the position, the Chief Justice shall immediately appoint an acting Independent Prosecutor to serve until a successor is appointed by the President with the advice and consent of 2/3 of the members of Congress."

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